Nikon D3400 vs Nikon D5100

Nikon D3400 front
Nikon D5100 front

Nikon D3400 vs Nikon D5100 Key Specs

Nikon D3400
(Full Review)
  • 24MP - APS-C Sensor
  • 3" Fixed Screen
  • ISO 100 - 25600
  • No Anti-Alias Filter
  • 1920 x 1080 video
  • Nikon F Mount
  • 395g - 124 x 98 x 76mm
  • Introduced August 2016
  • Older Model is Nikon D3300
  • Successor is Nikon D3500
Nikon D5100
(Full Review)
  • 16MP - APS-C Sensor
  • 3" Fully Articulated Display
  • ISO 100 - 6400 (Bump to 25600)
  • 1920 x 1080 video
  • Nikon F Mount
  • 560g - 128 x 97 x 79mm
  • Announced April 2011
  • Old Model is Nikon D5000
  • Replacement is Nikon D5200
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Nikon D3400 vs Nikon D5100 Overview

Lets look closer at the Nikon D3400 vs Nikon D5100, both Entry-Level DSLR digital cameras and both are built by Nikon. There exists a considerable gap between the sensor resolutions of the D3400 (24MP) and D5100 (16MP) but both cameras posses the same sensor sizing (APS-C).

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The D3400 was launched 5 years after the D5100 which is quite a large difference as far as technology is concerned. Each of the cameras have the same body design (Compact SLR).

Before going straight to a more detailed comparison, here is a simple introduction of how the D3400 matches up vs the D5100 in the way of portability, imaging, features and an overall score.

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Reasons to pick Nikon D3400 over the Nikon D5100

 D3400 D5100 
AnnouncedAugust 2016April 2011More modern by 65 months

Reasons to pick Nikon D5100 over the Nikon D3400

 D5100 D3400 
Display typeFully ArticulatedFixed Fully Articulating display
Selfie screen Take selfies

Common features in the Nikon D3400 and Nikon D5100

 D3400 D5100 
Focus manually Very accurate focusing
Display dimensions3"3"Equal display measurement
Display resolution921k921kIdentical display resolution
Touch display No Touch display

Nikon D3400 vs Nikon D5100 Physical Comparison

In case you're planning to carry around your camera regularly, you will have to factor its weight and size. The Nikon D3400 has outside measurements of 124mm x 98mm x 76mm (4.9" x 3.9" x 3.0") and a weight of 395 grams (0.87 lbs) while the Nikon D5100 has specifications of 128mm x 97mm x 79mm (5.0" x 3.8" x 3.1") with a weight of 560 grams (1.23 lbs).

Check out the Nikon D3400 vs Nikon D5100 in our newest Camera plus Lens Size Comparison Tool. Camera Size Comparison with Lenses

Always remember, the weight of an ILC will vary based on the lens you have at that moment. Following is a front view measurements comparison of the D3400 against the D5100.

Nikon D3400 vs Nikon D5100 size comparison

Taking into account dimensions and weight, the portability score of the D3400 and D5100 is 70 and 66 respectively.

Nikon D3400 vs Nikon D5100 top view buttons comparison

Nikon D3400 vs Nikon D5100 Sensor Comparison

Normally, its tough to envision the gap between sensor sizes merely by checking specifications. The picture here may provide you a better sense of the sensor sizing in the D3400 and D5100.

Plainly, both of those cameras have the same sensor dimensions but not the same megapixels. You can expect to see the Nikon D3400 to resolve greater detail utilizing its extra 8 Megapixels. Greater resolution can also allow you to crop photos a bit more aggressively. The newer D3400 is going to have a benefit when it comes to sensor technology.

Nikon D3400 vs Nikon D5100 sensor size comparison

Nikon D3400 vs Nikon D5100 Screen and ViewFinder

Nikon D3400 vs Nikon D5100 Screen and Viewfinder comparison
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Photography Type Scores

Portrait Comparison

Nikon D3400 Portrait photography information
Nikon D5100 Portrait photography information
manual focus
megapixel count decent (24MP)
sensor size is good (APS-C)
has face detect focus
saves RAW formats
focusing manually
decent MP (16MP)
good sensor size (APS-C)
has face detect focus
exports RAW formats
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Street Comparison

Nikon D3400 Street photography features
Nikon D5100 Street photography features
sensor size is good (APS-C)
saves RAW formats
lighter than competition (395 grams)
very good ISO range (25,600)
no articulating screen
no image stabilization
screen articulates fully
good sensor size (APS-C)
exports RAW formats
lack of image stabilization
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Sports Comparison

Nikon D3400 Sports photography highlights
Nikon D5100 Sports photography highlights
megapixel count decent (24 megapixels)
sensor size is good (APS-C)
has tracking focus
good battery (1,200 per charge)
sensor has phase detect auto focus
slow continuous shooting (5.0 fps)
no image stabilization
decent MP (16 megapixels)
good sensor size (APS-C)
has tracking focus
better than average battery power (660 CIPA)
supports phase detect auto focus
very slow continuous shooting (4.0 frames per second)
lack of image stabilization
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Travel Comparison

Nikon D3400 Travel photography advice
Nikon D5100 Travel photography advice
good battery (1,200 shots)
lighter than competition (395g)
connects via bluetooth
megapixel count decent (24MP)
flash built-in
missing Timelapse function
screen is not selfie friendly
better than average battery power (660 CIPA)
decent MP (16 megapixels)
has built in flash
selfie friendly display
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Landscape Comparison

Nikon D3400 Landscape photography factors
Nikon D5100 Landscape photography factors
manual focus
change lenses (Nikon F mount)
decent sized screen (3 inches)
megapixel count decent (24MP)
sensor size is good (APS-C)
no low pass filter
very good ISO range (25,600)
saves RAW formats
good battery (1,200 per charge)
no image stabilization
missing Timelapse function
focusing manually
change lenses (Nikon F mount)
pretty good screen size (3")
decent MP (16 megapixels)
good sensor size (APS-C)
exports RAW formats
better than average battery power (660 CIPA)
lack of image stabilization
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Vlogging Comparison

Nikon D3400 as a Vlogging camera
Nikon D5100 as a Vlogging camera
has face detect focus
high res video (1920 x 1080 pxls)
lighter than competition (395 grams)
screen is not selfie friendly
no image stabilization
missing microphone port
selfie friendly display
has face detect focus
high res video (1920 x 1080 pixels)
comes with microphone jack
lack of image stabilization
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Nikon D3400 vs Nikon D5100 Specifications

Detailed spec comparison table for Nikon D3400 and Nikon D5100
 Nikon D3400Nikon D5100
General Information
Brand Name Nikon Nikon
Model type Nikon D3400 Nikon D5100
Class Entry-Level DSLR Entry-Level DSLR
Introduced 2016-08-17 2011-04-26
Body design Compact SLR Compact SLR
Sensor Information
Processor Expeed 4 Expeed 2
Sensor type CMOS CMOS
Sensor size APS-C APS-C
Sensor measurements 23.5 x 15.6mm 23.6 x 15.7mm
Sensor area 366.6mm² 370.5mm²
Sensor resolution 24 megapixel 16 megapixel
Anti alias filter
Aspect ratio 3:2 3:2
Maximum resolution 6000 x 4000 4928 x 3264
Maximum native ISO 25600 6400
Maximum boosted ISO - 25600
Min native ISO 100 100
RAW format
Focus manually
Touch to focus
Continuous autofocus
Single autofocus
Autofocus tracking
Autofocus selectice
Center weighted autofocus
Autofocus multi area
Live view autofocus
Face detection autofocus
Contract detection autofocus
Phase detection autofocus
Total focus points 11 11
Cross type focus points 1 1
Lens support Nikon F Nikon F
Available lenses 309 309
Focal length multiplier 1.5 1.5
Screen type Fixed Type Fully Articulated
Screen size 3" 3"
Resolution of screen 921 thousand dot 921 thousand dot
Selfie friendly
Touch function
Screen tech TFT LCD TFT LCD monitor
Viewfinder Information
Viewfinder type Optical (pentamirror) Optical (pentamirror)
Viewfinder coverage 95% 95%
Viewfinder magnification 0.56x 0.52x
Lowest shutter speed 30 seconds 30 seconds
Highest shutter speed 1/4000 seconds 1/4000 seconds
Continuous shooting speed 5.0 frames/s 4.0 frames/s
Shutter priority
Aperture priority
Expose Manually
Exposure compensation Yes Yes
Custom white balance
Image stabilization
Built-in flash
Flash distance 7.00 m (at ISO 100) 12.00 m (at ISO 100)
Flash modes Auto, Auto slow sync, Auto slow sync with red-eye reduction, Auto with red-eye reduction, Fill-flash, Off, Rear-curtain sync, Rear-curtain with slow sync, Red-eye reduction, Red-eye reduction with slow sync, Slow sync Auto, On, Off, Red-eye, Slow sync, Rear curtain
External flash
AE bracketing
WB bracketing
Highest flash sync 1/200 seconds 1/200 seconds
Multisegment exposure
Average exposure
Spot exposure
Partial exposure
AF area exposure
Center weighted exposure
Video features
Video resolutions 1920 x 1080 (60, 50, 30, 25, 24 fps), 1280 x 720 (60, 50 fps), 640 x 424 (30, 25 fps) 1920 x 1080 (30, 25, 24 fps), 1280 x 720 (30, 25, 24 fps), 640 x 424 (30, 25 fps)
Maximum video resolution 1920x1080 1920x1080
Video file format MPEG-4, H.264 MPEG-4
Microphone input
Headphone input
Wireless Optional Eye-Fi Connected
USB USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec) USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
GPS Optional Optional
Environmental seal
Water proofing
Dust proofing
Shock proofing
Crush proofing
Freeze proofing
Weight 395 gr (0.87 pounds) 560 gr (1.23 pounds)
Physical dimensions 124 x 98 x 76mm (4.9" x 3.9" x 3.0") 128 x 97 x 79mm (5.0" x 3.8" x 3.1")
DXO scores
DXO All around rating 86 80
DXO Color Depth rating 24.8 23.5
DXO Dynamic range rating 13.9 13.6
DXO Low light rating 1192 1183
Battery life 1200 photographs 660 photographs
Battery format Battery Pack Battery Pack
Battery ID EN-EL14a EN-EL14
Self timer Yes (2, 5, 10, 20 secs (1-9 exposures)) Yes (2, 5, 10 or 20 sec)
Time lapse recording
Storage slots 1 1
Launch cost $397 $0