Canon R5 vs Nikon D40

Canon EOS R5 front
Nikon D40 front

Canon R5 vs Nikon D40 Key Specs

Canon R5
(Full Review)
  • 45MP - Full frame Sensor
  • 3.2" Fully Articulated Screen
  • ISO 100 - 51200 (Bump to 102400)
  • Sensor based 5-axis Image Stabilization
  • 1/8000s Max Shutter
  • 8192 x 4320 video
  • Canon RF Mount
  • 738g - 138 x 98 x 88mm
  • Launched July 2020
Nikon D40
(Full Review)
  • 6MP - APS-C Sensor
  • 2.5" Fixed Display
  • ISO 200 - 1600 (Push to 3200)
  • No Video
  • Nikon F Mount
  • 522g - 124 x 94 x 64mm
  • Launched December 2006
  • New Model is Nikon D3000
400 Megapixel mode coming to Fujifilm GFX 100

Canon R5 vs Nikon D40 Overview

Lets take a more detailed look at the Canon R5 and Nikon D40, former is a Pro Mirrorless while the other is a Entry-Level DSLR by companies Canon and Nikon. There is a noticeable difference between the resolutions of the R5 (45MP) and D40 (6MP) and the R5 (Full frame) and D40 (APS-C) enjoy totally different sensor measurements.

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The R5 was announced 13 years after the D40 which is quite a sizable difference as far as tech is concerned. Both cameras offer different body type with the Canon R5 being a SLR-style mirrorless camera and the Nikon D40 being a Compact SLR camera.

Before going through a full comparison, below is a concise view of how the R5 scores versus the D40 in terms of portability, imaging, features and an overall score.

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Reasons to pick Canon R5 over the Nikon D40

 R5 D40 
LaunchedJuly 2020December 2006More modern by 165 months
Display typeFully ArticulatedFixed Fully Articulating display
Display sizing3.2"2.5"Larger display (+0.7")
Display resolution2100k230kSharper display (+1870k dot)
Selfie screen Easy selfies
Touch display Easily navigate

Reasons to pick Nikon D40 over the Canon R5

 D40 R5 

Common features in the Canon R5 and Nikon D40

 R5 D40 
Focus manually Dial exact focus

Canon R5 vs Nikon D40 Physical Comparison

For those who are intending to carry around your camera regularly, you will want to consider its weight and proportions. The Canon R5 has got outer measurements of 138mm x 98mm x 88mm (5.4" x 3.9" x 3.5") with a weight of 738 grams (1.63 lbs) whilst the Nikon D40 has measurements of 124mm x 94mm x 64mm (4.9" x 3.7" x 2.5") and a weight of 522 grams (1.15 lbs).

Contrast the Canon R5 and Nikon D40 in our completely new Camera & Lens Size Comparison Tool. Camera Size Comparison with Lenses

Do not forget, the weight of an ILC will change depending on the lens you select at that time. Underneath is the front view scale comparison of the R5 vs the D40.

Canon R5 vs Nikon D40 size comparison

Considering size and weight, the portability score of the R5 and D40 is 59 and 71 respectively.

Canon R5 vs Nikon D40 top view buttons comparison

Canon R5 vs Nikon D40 Sensor Comparison

Oftentimes, it is tough to visualise the difference between sensor sizes only by looking at technical specs. The picture here will help provide you a far better sense of the sensor measurements in the R5 and D40.

As you have seen, the 2 cameras offer different resolutions and different sensor sizes. The R5 with its larger sensor will make achieving shallow DOF simpler and the Canon R5 will resolve more detail with its extra 39MP. Greater resolution can also enable you to crop pics a little more aggressively. The newer R5 will have an advantage in sensor innovation.

Canon R5 vs Nikon D40 sensor size comparison

Canon R5 vs Nikon D40 Screen and ViewFinder

Canon R5 vs Nikon D40 Screen and Viewfinder comparison
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Photography Type Scores

Portrait Comparison

Canon R5 Portrait photography highlights
Nikon D40 Portrait photography highlights
you can focus manually
megapixel count amazing (45 megapixels)
large sensor size (Full frame)
offers face detection focusing
delivers RAW formats
you can focus manually
flash sync is higher than normal (1/500 seconds)
good sensor size (APS-C)
exports RAW files
doesn't have liveview
sensor resolution not great (6 megapixels)
Last day to get your files as Canon Irisa shuts down

Street Comparison

Street photography with Canon R5
Street photography with Nikon D40
fully articulated screen
image stabilization (Sensor based 5-axis)
large sensor size (Full frame)
delivers RAW formats
supports touch to focus
environment sealing
very good ISO range (51,200)
good sensor size (APS-C)
exports RAW files
screen is fixed
no image stabilization
World's smallest camera makes it into Guinness Book of Records

Sports Comparison

Canon R5 as a Sports photography camera
Nikon D40 as a Sports photography camera
max shutter speed is good (1/8,000 seconds)
silent mode (1/8,000 seconds)
image stabilization (Sensor based 5-axis)
megapixel count amazing (45 megapixels)
large sensor size (Full frame)
offers tracking autofocus
environment sealing
supports phase detect AF
bad battery life (320 shots)
good sensor size (APS-C)
supports phase detect auto focus
doesn't have liveview
very slow continuous shooting (3.0 frames/s)
no image stabilization
sensor resolution not great (6 megapixels)
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Travel Comparison

Canon R5 Travel photography advice
Nikon D40 Travel photography advice
environment sealing
supports bluetooth
supports touch to focus
megapixel count amazing (45 megapixels)
display is selfie friendly
doesn't have Timelapse function
bad battery life (320 CIPA)
has built in flash
does not have Timelapse function
sensor resolution not great (6MP)
screen isn't selfie friendly
Google will print your 'Best' photos for $8 a month

Landscape Comparison

Canon R5 Landscape photography highlights
Nikon D40 Landscape photography highlights
you can focus manually
swap lenses (Canon RF mount)
nice screen size (3.2")
image stabilization (Sensor based 5-axis)
megapixel count amazing (45 megapixels)
large sensor size (Full frame)
very good ISO range (51,200)
delivers RAW formats
environment sealing
has double storage slots
bad battery life (320 per charge)
doesn't have Timelapse function
you can focus manually
swap lenses (Nikon F mount)
good sensor size (APS-C)
exports RAW files
screen is somewhat small (2.5")
doesn't have liveview
no image stabilization
sensor resolution not great (6 megapixels)
does not have Timelapse function
Photographer fined '$200,000' for failing to deliver photos

Vlogging Comparison

Canon R5 as a Vlogging camera
Nikon D40 as a Vlogging camera
display is selfie friendly
touchscreen functionality
image stabilization (Sensor based 5-axis)
offers face detection focusing
high res video (8192 x 4320 pxls)
comes with external microphone port
lack of video recording
Handle those 8K RED files like a boss

Canon R5 vs Nikon D40 Specifications

Detailed spec comparison table for Canon R5 and Nikon D40
 Canon EOS R5Nikon D40
General Information
Make Canon Nikon
Model Canon EOS R5 Nikon D40
Type Pro Mirrorless Entry-Level DSLR
Launched 2020-07-09 2006-12-21
Physical type SLR-style mirrorless Compact SLR
Sensor Information
Powered by Digic X -
Sensor type CMOS CCD
Sensor size Full frame APS-C
Sensor measurements 36 x 24mm 23.7 x 15.5mm
Sensor area 864.0mm² 367.4mm²
Sensor resolution 45 megapixels 6 megapixels
Anti aliasing filter
Aspect ratio 1:1, 4:3, 3:2 and 16:9 3:2
Maximum resolution 8192 x 5464 3008 x 2000
Maximum native ISO 51200 1600
Maximum boosted ISO 102400 3200
Min native ISO 100 200
RAW format
Min boosted ISO 50 -
Manual focus
AF touch
Continuous AF
AF single
AF tracking
Selective AF
AF center weighted
AF multi area
AF live view
Face detection focusing
Contract detection focusing
Phase detection focusing
Number of focus points 1053 -
Lens mounting type Canon RF Nikon F
Number of lenses 17 309
Focal length multiplier 1 1.5
Type of screen Fully Articulated Fixed Type
Screen size 3.2 inches 2.5 inches
Screen resolution 2,100k dots 230k dots
Selfie friendly
Touch screen
Viewfinder Information
Viewfinder Electronic Optical (pentamirror)
Viewfinder resolution 5,760k dots -
Viewfinder coverage 100 percent 95 percent
Viewfinder magnification 0.76x 0.53x
Lowest shutter speed 30 seconds 30 seconds
Highest shutter speed 1/8000 seconds 1/4000 seconds
Highest silent shutter speed 1/8000 seconds -
Continuous shooting rate 12.0 frames per sec 3.0 frames per sec
Shutter priority
Aperture priority
Manually set exposure
Exposure compensation Yes Yes
Custom WB
Image stabilization
Inbuilt flash
Flash range no built-in flash 17.00 m
Flash options no built-in flash Front curtain, Rear curtain, Red-Eye, Slow, Red-Eye Slow
Hot shoe
Auto exposure bracketing
White balance bracketing
Highest flash synchronize - 1/500 seconds
Multisegment metering
Average metering
Spot metering
Partial metering
AF area metering
Center weighted metering
Video features
Video resolutions 8192x4320 (30p/​24/​23.98p) 7680x4320 (30p/​23.98p) |4096x2160 (120p/​60p/​30p/​24p/​23.98p) |3840x2160 (120p/​60p/​30p/​23.98p) |1920x1080 (60p/​30p/​23.98p) -
Maximum video resolution 8192x4320 None
Video format MPEG-4, H.264, H.265 -
Microphone support
Headphone support
Wireless Built-In None
USB Yes USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
GPS None None
Environmental sealing
Water proof
Dust proof
Shock proof
Crush proof
Freeze proof
Weight 738 gr (1.63 lbs) 522 gr (1.15 lbs)
Dimensions 138 x 98 x 88mm (5.4" x 3.9" x 3.5") 124 x 94 x 64mm (4.9" x 3.7" x 2.5")
DXO scores
DXO All around score not tested 56
DXO Color Depth score not tested 21.0
DXO Dynamic range score not tested 11.0
DXO Low light score not tested 561
Battery life 320 images -
Battery style Battery Pack -
Battery model LP-E6NH EN-EL9
Self timer Yes Yes (2 to 20 sec)
Time lapse feature
Type of storage CFexpress and SD (UHS-II) slots SD/SDHC card
Card slots Dual One
Launch cost $3,899 $500