Panasonic XS1 vs Panasonic ZS100

Panasonic Lumix DMC-XS1 front
Panasonic Lumix DMC-ZS100 front

Panasonic XS1 vs Panasonic ZS100 Key Specs

Panasonic XS1
(Full Review)
  • 16MP - 1/2.3" Sensor
  • 2.7" Fixed Display
  • ISO 100 - 6400
  • Optical Image Stabilization
  • 1280 x 720 video
  • 24-120mm (F2.8-6.9) lens
  • 103g - 94 x 54 x 14mm
  • Released January 2013
Panasonic ZS100
(Full Review)
  • 20MP - 1" Sensor
  • 3" Fixed Screen
  • ISO 125 - 12800 (Push to 25600)
  • Optical Image Stabilization
  • 3840 x 2160 video
  • 25-250mm (F2.8-5.9) lens
  • 312g - 111 x 65 x 44mm
  • Introduced January 2016
  • Alternative Name is Lumix DMC-TZ100
  • Refreshed by Panasonic ZS200
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Panasonic XS1 vs Panasonic ZS100 Overview

Let's look closer at the Panasonic XS1 vs Panasonic ZS100, former is a Small Sensor Compact while the latter is a Large Sensor Compact and both are designed by Panasonic. The resolution of the XS1 (16MP) and the ZS100 (20MP) is relatively well matched but the XS1 (1/2.3") and ZS100 (1") offer totally different sensor sizing.

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The XS1 was introduced 4 years before the ZS100 which is quite a large difference as far as technology is concerned. Both of the cameras feature different body design with the Panasonic XS1 being a Compact camera and the Panasonic ZS100 being a Large Sensor Compact camera.

Before getting straight to a thorough comparison, here is a concise highlight of how the XS1 grades versus the ZS100 with respect to portability, imaging, features and an overall mark.

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Reasons to pick Panasonic XS1 over the Panasonic ZS100

 XS1 ZS100 

Reasons to pick Panasonic ZS100 over the Panasonic XS1

 ZS100 XS1 
IntroducedJanuary 2016January 2013Newer by 36 months
Focus manually Dial exact focus
Screen size3"2.7"Bigger screen (+0.3")
Screen resolution1040k230kSharper screen (+810k dot)
Touch friendly screen Quickly navigate

Common features in the Panasonic XS1 and Panasonic ZS100

 XS1 ZS100 
Screen typeFixed Fixed Fixed screen
Selfie screen Lacking selfie screen

Panasonic XS1 vs Panasonic ZS100 Physical Comparison

For anyone who is looking to travel with your camera regularly, you will have to consider its weight and size. The Panasonic XS1 provides exterior dimensions of 94mm x 54mm x 14mm (3.7" x 2.1" x 0.6") and a weight of 103 grams (0.23 lbs) while the Panasonic ZS100 has specifications of 111mm x 65mm x 44mm (4.4" x 2.6" x 1.7") and a weight of 312 grams (0.69 lbs).

See the Panasonic XS1 vs Panasonic ZS100 in our brand new Camera plus Lens Size Comparison Tool. Camera Size Comparison with Lenses

Don't forget, the weight of an ILC will change dependant on the lens you are working with at that time. The following is a front view dimension comparison of the XS1 compared to the ZS100.

Panasonic XS1 vs Panasonic ZS100 size comparison

Taking into account dimensions and weight, the portability score of the XS1 and ZS100 is 97 and 87 respectively.

Panasonic XS1 vs Panasonic ZS100 top view buttons comparison

Panasonic XS1 vs Panasonic ZS100 Sensor Comparison

Sometimes, it is very tough to visualise the gap between sensor dimensions only by reading through specs. The image underneath should provide you a much better sense of the sensor sizes in the XS1 and ZS100.

As you can plainly see, both cameras feature different megapixels and different sensor dimensions. The XS1 having a tinier sensor will make shooting shallower DOF harder and the Panasonic ZS100 will give extra detail using its extra 4MP. Higher resolution will make it easier to crop photographs way more aggressively. The more aged XS1 is going to be disadvantaged when it comes to sensor technology.

Panasonic XS1 vs Panasonic ZS100 sensor size comparison

Panasonic XS1 vs Panasonic ZS100 Screen and ViewFinder

Panasonic XS1 vs Panasonic ZS100 Screen and Viewfinder comparison
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Photography Type Scores

Portrait Comparison

Panasonic XS1 Portrait photography advice
Panasonic ZS100 Portrait photography advice
good megapixels (16MP)
no manual focus
manual exposure not possible
external flash not possible
sensor size is small (1/2.3")
has no RAW support
manual focus
megapixel count good (20MP)
sensor size is decent (1")
has face detection focusing
exports RAW files
can't use external flash
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Street Comparison

Panasonic XS1 Street photography factors
Panasonic ZS100 Street photography factors
image stabilization (Optical)
lighter than competition (103 grams)
no moving screen
sensor size is small (1/2.3")
has no RAW support
has image stabilization (Optical)
sensor size is decent (1")
exports RAW files
boasts focus by touch
lighter than competition (312g)
fixed screen
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Sports Comparison

Sports photography with Panasonic XS1
Sports photography with Panasonic ZS100
image stabilization (Optical)
good megapixels (16MP)
comes with tracking autofocus
slow fps (1.0 frames per second)
no shutter priority mode
sensor size is small (1/2.3")
has no phase detect AF
quiet shutter (1/16,000 seconds)
has image stabilization (Optical)
megapixel count good (20 megapixels)
sensor size is decent (1")
has tracking autofocus
has no phase detect AF
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Travel Comparison

Panasonic XS1 Travel photography features
Panasonic ZS100 Travel photography features
lighter than competition (103g)
good megapixels (16MP)
built-in flash
relatively wide (24mm)
missing Timelapse recording
display is not selfie friendly
somewhat slow maximum aperture (f2.8)
lighter than competition (312 grams)
boasts focus by touch
megapixel count good (20MP)
has built in flash
quite wide (25mm)
great zoom (250mm)
display isn't selfie friendly
sluggish max aperture (f2.8)
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Landscape Comparison

Panasonic XS1 Landscape photography advice
Panasonic ZS100 Landscape photography advice
relatively wide (24mm)
image stabilization (Optical)
good megapixels (16 megapixels)
no manual focus
can't swap lens (fixed lens mount)
somewhat slow maximum aperture (f2.8)
screen is somewhat small (2.7")
manual exposure not possible
sensor size is small (1/2.3")
has no RAW support
missing Timelapse recording
manual focus
quite wide (25mm)
screen size is good (3")
has image stabilization (Optical)
megapixel count good (20 megapixels)
sensor size is decent (1")
exports RAW files
lens is fixed (fixed lens mount)
sluggish max aperture (f2.8)
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Vlogging Comparison

Panasonic XS1 Vlogging info
Panasonic ZS100 Vlogging info
relatively wide (24mm)
image stabilization (Optical)
lighter than competition (103g)
somewhat slow maximum aperture (f2.8)
display is not selfie friendly
low quality video (1280 x 720 pixels)
missing external microphone port
quite wide (25mm)
touchscreen capability
has image stabilization (Optical)
has face detection focusing
high quality video (3840 x 2160 pxls)
lighter than competition (312 grams)
sluggish max aperture (f2.8)
display isn't selfie friendly
no external microphone jack
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Panasonic XS1 vs Panasonic ZS100 Specifications

Detailed spec comparison table for Panasonic XS1 and Panasonic ZS100
 Panasonic Lumix DMC-XS1Panasonic Lumix DMC-ZS100
General Information
Brand Panasonic Panasonic
Model Panasonic Lumix DMC-XS1 Panasonic Lumix DMC-ZS100
Also called as - Lumix DMC-TZ100
Type Small Sensor Compact Large Sensor Compact
Released 2013-01-07 2016-01-05
Body design Compact Large Sensor Compact
Sensor Information
Chip - Venus Engine
Sensor type CCD MOS
Sensor size 1/2.3" 1"
Sensor measurements 6.08 x 4.56mm 13.2 x 8.8mm
Sensor surface area 27.7mm² 116.2mm²
Sensor resolution 16MP 20MP
Anti aliasing filter
Aspect ratio - 1:1, 4:3, 3:2 and 16:9
Highest resolution 4608 x 3456 5472 x 3648
Highest native ISO 6400 12800
Highest boosted ISO - 25600
Minimum native ISO 100 125
RAW data
Minimum boosted ISO - 80
Focus manually
AF touch
AF continuous
AF single
AF tracking
AF selectice
AF center weighted
Multi area AF
Live view AF
Face detect AF
Contract detect AF
Phase detect AF
Number of focus points - 49
Cross focus points - -
Lens mount fixed lens fixed lens
Lens focal range 24-120mm (5.0x) 25-250mm (10.0x)
Maximum aperture f/2.8-6.9 f/2.8-5.9
Macro focus distance 5cm 5cm
Focal length multiplier 5.9 2.7
Display type Fixed Type Fixed Type
Display size 2.7 inch 3 inch
Resolution of display 230k dot 1,040k dot
Selfie friendly
Touch display
Display tech TFT LCD -
Viewfinder Information
Viewfinder None Electronic
Viewfinder resolution - 1,166k dot
Viewfinder coverage - 100 percent
Viewfinder magnification - 0.46x
Lowest shutter speed 60 seconds 60 seconds
Highest shutter speed 1/1600 seconds 1/2000 seconds
Highest quiet shutter speed - 1/16000 seconds
Continuous shooting speed 1.0fps 9.9fps
Shutter priority
Aperture priority
Manual exposure
Exposure compensation - Yes
Set WB
Image stabilization
Integrated flash
Flash range 4.40 m 8.00 m (at Auto ISO)
Flash options Auto, On, Off, Red-eye, Slow Syncro Auto, Auto/Red-eye Reduction, Forced On, Forced On/Red-eye Reduction, Slow Sync., Slow Sync./Red-eye Reduction, Forced Off
External flash
WB bracketing
Multisegment metering
Average metering
Spot metering
Partial metering
AF area metering
Center weighted metering
Video features
Video resolutions 1280 x 720 (30 fps), 640 x 480 (30 fps) 4K/UHD (3840 x 2160 @ 30p/24p), 1920 x 1080 @ 60p/60i/30p/24p, 640 x 480 (30p)
Highest video resolution 1280x720 3840x2160
Video format Motion JPEG MPEG-4, AVCHD
Microphone input
Headphone input
Wireless None Built-In
USB USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec) USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
GPS None None
Environmental seal
Water proof
Dust proof
Shock proof
Crush proof
Freeze proof
Weight 103g (0.23 lbs) 312g (0.69 lbs)
Physical dimensions 94 x 54 x 14mm (3.7" x 2.1" x 0.6") 111 x 65 x 44mm (4.4" x 2.6" x 1.7")
DXO scores
DXO All around score not tested 70
DXO Color Depth score not tested 22.8
DXO Dynamic range score not tested 12.5
DXO Low light score not tested 559
Battery life 260 images 300 images
Battery format Battery Pack Battery Pack
Self timer Yes (2 or 10 sec) Yes (2 or 10 secs, 3 shots @ 10 sec)
Time lapse recording
Type of storage SD/SDHC/SDXC, Internal SD/SDHC/SDXC card
Storage slots 1 1
Retail cost $130 $700