Canon 1D X

Canon EOS-1D X front

Canon 1D X summary

Canon 1D X is Canon's Pro DSLR digital camera initially revealed on October of 2011. The camera houses a 18MP, CMOS Full frame sized sensor and has a max resolution of 5184 x 3456.

Canon brought out this model to update the previous Canon 1Ds MIII (Read Full Comparison) & afterwards brought out the more recent Canon 1D X II (Read Full Comparison) in an effort to replace this camera.

The 1D X is positioned #9 out of 35 in Pro DSLR cameras & over-all #203 out of 1465 for digital cameras in our collection. You should use our Advanced camera finder to see camera results based on your customized criteria.

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Here is a chart of various factors used in the rating system.

Canon 1D X history

The Canon 1D X has a history of related digital cameras. Below, you can check out all previous and more recent models alongside key specifications.

ModelVisualizeResolutionSensor SizeMax fpsReleased
Canon-EOS-1D-X-Mark-III front thumbnailCanon 1D X III
1D X vs 1D X III
20MPFull frame20.0 fps2020
Canon-EOS-1D-X-Mark-II front thumbnailCanon 1D X II
1D X vs 1D X II
20MPFull frame16.0 fps2016
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Canon-EOS-1D-C front thumbnailCanon 1D C
1D X vs 1D C
18MPFull frame14.0 fps2012
Canon-EOS-1D-X front thumbnailCanon 1D X18MPFull frame14.0 fps2011
Canon-EOS-1Ds-Mark-III front thumbnailCanon 1Ds MIII
1D X vs 1Ds MIII
21MPFull frame5.0 fps2008
Canon-EOS-1Ds-Mark-II front thumbnailCanon 1Ds MII
1D X vs 1Ds MII
17MPFull frame4.0 fps2005
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Canon-EOS-1Ds front thumbnailCanon 1Ds
1D X vs 1Ds
11MPFull frame3.0 fps2002

Canon 1D X Pros and Cons

Below is a selection of positives and negatives of the Canon 1D X based on things that are normally considered crucial in a digital camera.

2 card slots
comes with phase detect AF
decent megapixels (18 megapixels)
does have external mic support
does have HDMI out
does have Top LCD screen
focusing manually
great high ISO (51,200)
great max shutter speed (1/8,000 seconds)
great minimum ISO (100)
high resolution screen (1,040 thousand dots)
nice screen size (3.2 inches)
provides face detection focusing
provides tracking autofocus
sensor size is big (Full frame)
supports RAW formats
swap lenses (Canon EF mount)
video resolution high (1920 x 1080 pixels)
weather proof
does not have headphone support
does not have Time Lapse function
no image stabilization
not so great battery pack (1,120 CIPA)
screen is fixed
screen is not selfie friendly
Photography Glossary

Canon 1D X Sensor specifications

The Canon 1D X houses the Dual Digic 5+ processor chip. The sensor specification on the Canon 1D X is 36mm x 24mm (Full frame). The 864 mm² sensor can capture 5184 x 3456 pixels at aspect ratios of 3:2.

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The CMOS sensor has 18 megapixels and delivers a standard ISO range of 100 to 51200. This ISO can be expanded electronically to 50 to 204800. RAW files are supported so the user has wider margin for error.

The graphic below illustrates the 1D X's sensor dimensions compared to other popular sizes. The 1D X sensor has a crop factor of 1 and is displayed in green.

Canon EOS-1D X sensor size Photobucket discusses licensing 13 billion images with AI firms

To get a sense of specific aspect ratios, you can refer to the graphic below.

Camera sensor aspect ratios

Canon 1D X dimensions

Canon 1D X weighs in at 2.95 lb (1,340 gr / 47.27 ounces) & has outside proportions of 158mm x 164mm x 83mm (6.2" x 6.5" x 3.3"). The weight of typical Pro DSLR camera is 1,280 gr and the Canon 1D X is very much the same in comparison with its rivals.

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Listed below is a pic of the Canon 1D X beside a soda to help you to get a sense of its scale.

Canon EOS-1D X dimensions scale

The top view directly below will provide the button design on the 1D X.

Canon EOS-1D X topview buttons dials

Canon 1D X Lens specifications

The 1D X works with the Canon EF mount and has 306 lenses available for purchase. Below is a small number of the lenses we have in our collection which will work with the 1D X.

ModelVisualizeFocal LengthApertureStabilizedWeight
Canon-EF-28-200mm-f3.5-5.6-USM lensCanon EF 28-200mm f3.5-5.6 USM28-200mmf/3.5-5.6 500g
Sigma-105mm-F1.4-DG-HSM-Art-Canon-EF lensSigma 105mm F1.4 DG HSM Art105mmf/1.41645g
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Sigma-35mm-F1.4-DG-HSM-Canon-EF lensSigma 35mm F1.4 DG HSM35mmf/1.4 665g
Canon-EF-24-105mm-f4L-IS-USM lensCanon EF 24-105mm f4L IS USM24-105mmf/4.0 670g
Tamron-SP-90mm-F2.8-Di-VC-USD-1-1-Macro-Canon-EF lensTamron SP 90mm F2.8 Di VC USD 1-1 Macro90mmf/2.8 550g
Sigma-10-20mm-F3.5-EX-DC-HSM-Canon-EF lensSigma 10-20mm F3.5 EX DC HSM10-20mmf/3.5 520g
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Sigma-85mm-F1.4-EX-DG-HSM-Canon-EF lensSigma 85mm F1.4 EX DG HSM85mmf/1.4 725g
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Canon 1D X Connectivity

The 1D X has the following connectivity:

  • Wireless Yes
  • HDMI Yes
  • GPS Yes

Digital cameras that consist of NFC and Bluetooth support can easily be controlled wirelessly via smartphones. You can send files and usually adjust camera settings with no need to connect physically to the camera.

Several applications even give a Liveview and hit the shutter if you are not near the camera. If the camera comes with a HDMI port, it could be attached to an external monitor. Almost all cameras will allow you to recharge the battery pack through the USB port.

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Canon 1D X Video specifications

The max video quality on the Canon 1D X is 1920 x 1080 and you can capture in MPEG-4 and H.264 file format. 1080p quality gives you an excellent balance in video quality vs file sizes but 1080p isn't going to leave you with any room to crop. Although the camera has a mic port, it is missing a headphone port so you will not be able to monitor your sound levels.

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Canon 1D X Weather Sealing

Canon 1D X comes with weather proofing making it a excellent pick for use in tough conditions. This can be especially handy whenever you are uncertain about the conditions you may encounter in outdoor photography.

Canon 1D X Screen and Viewfinder

The Canon 1D X is equipped with a 3.2 inch fixed screen boasting a resolution of 1,040 thousand dots.

Sadly the screen isn't a touch screen. The 1D X also has a Top LCD screen in order to instantly see the camera's settings.

Canon EOS-1D X screen and viewfinder Japan-exclusive Leica Leitz Phone 3 features big sensor and new modes

The ViewFinder specifications for Canon 1D X are as follows:

  • ViewFinder Optical (pentaprism)
  • ViewFinder Coverage 100%
  • ViewFinder Magnification 0.76x

For bright outdoor conditions which make the camera displays washed out and tough to see, viewfinders can be rather helpful.

Canon 1D X Shutter specifications

Canon 1D X continuous shooting speed is 14.0 frames per second. The highest shutter speed is 1/8000 seconds.

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Canon 1D X Flash and Hot shoe specifications

Canon 1D X has external flash support but does not include built in flash. The maximum flash sync speed is 1/250 seconds.

Canon 1D X Autofocusing specifications

Canon 1D X has both Phase Detect Auto Focus plus Contrast Based Auto Focus. Phase Detection focusing is a lot more snappier & precise when compared with Contrast Based focusing. The camera supports Face detection which is handy for portrait photography.

The Sensor supports 61 focus points to choose from. It also features Tracking Auto Focus for things that move. Canon 1D X features manual focusing in case it is needed in low light occasions or you need more exact control on focusing.

Photography Glossary

Canon 1D X Battery life

The battery pack (LP-E4N) on the Canon 1D X is made to last for 1120 photographs with respect to the CIPA benchmarks making it lower compared to it's rivals. The usual Pro DSLR camera battery life is 2438. Nikon D3X offers the maximum (4400) battery life in this range of cameras.

Below is a number of Pro DSLR cameras that come with the strongest battery life:

ModelVisualizeBattery LifeRAWNFCBluetooth
Nikon-D3 front thumbnailNikon D3
1D X vs D3
4300 yesnono
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Nikon-D5 front thumbnailNikon D5
1D X vs D5
3780 yesnono
Nikon-D6 front thumbnailNikon D6
1D X vs D6
3580 yesnoyes

Canon 1D X for various kinds of photography

The following graph indicates a rundown of the Canon 1D X for various kinds of photography. To check out more, scroll to the specific paragraph below.

Canon 1D X Portrait photography info

The Canon 1D X receives a rating of 78 which is tremendous, and means the camera is a awesome fit for portrait photography. Shooting portrait photos leans greatly towards sensor resolution, RAW support plus the flexibility to use off-camera lighting.

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has manual focus
megapixel count good (18 megapixels)
great sensor size (Full frame)
comes with face detection autofocus
supports RAW formats

Canon 1D X Street photography info

With a modest score of 58, the Canon 1D X is somewhat adequate for street photography. A decent street photography camera gives a perfect balance of image quality plus portability.

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big sensor size (Full frame)
saves RAW files
environment sealing
very good ISO range (51,200)
no articulating screen
no image stabilization

Canon 1D X as a Sports photography camera

A very good sports photography points tally of 69 suggests the Canon 1D X is a respectable pick for taking pictures of sports. A camera really should have fantastic autofocus and continuous shooting for sports photography.

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maximum shutter speed is high (1/8,000s)
decent megapixels (18MP)
large sensor size (Full frame)
comes with tracking autofocus
environment proofing
supports phase detect autofocus
no image stabilization
low battery pack (1,120 shots)

Canon 1D X Travel photography details

Size is really critical in choosing a travel camera. Overall, the Canon 1D X gets a reasonable 48 for a travelling camera which makes it somewhat suited for your holidays.

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environment sealing
decent sensor resolution (18MP)
no Timelapse mode
terrible battery pack (1,120 shots)
screen isn't selfie friendly

Canon 1D X Landscape photography info

For anybody looking to buy a camera for landscape pictures, the most vital aspect will be image quality. The Canon 1D X and it's nice rating of 68 as a landscape camera is a good fit within the current market.

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focusing manually
switch lenses (Canon EF mount)
screen size is good (3.2")
good resolution (18 megapixels)
great sensor size (Full frame)
great ISO range (51,200)
delivers RAW formats
weather sealing
2 card slots
no image stabilization
bad battery life (1,120 CIPA)
missing Timelapse recording

Canon 1D X Vlogging factors

A vlogging camera preferably should have a moving screen, mic port and preferably IBIS. Taking all things into account, the Canon 1D X is simply not very good as a vlog camera as it receives a bad rating of 28.

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offers face detection focus
high quality video (1920 x 1080 resolution)
includes external microphone port
screen isn't selfie friendly
no image stabilization

Canon 1D X Alternatives

If you are in the market for replacements to the 1D X, here is a selection of the highest scored cameras which fall into the family of Pro DSLR.

The line graph here will give you a summary of the 1D X compared to it's highest scored rivals shown previously.

There are a bunch of cameras you might take into account as alternate options. To browse through a full comparison, simply click the "compare" link.

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General Information
Model type
Canon EOS-1D X
Physical type
Large SLR
Sensor Information
Sensor type
Dual Digic 5+
Sensor size
Full frame
Sensor dimensions
36 x 24mm
Sensor surface area
Sensor resolution
Anti alias filter
Aspect ratio
Peak resolution
5184 x 3456
RAW pictures
Highest native ISO
Highest enhanced ISO
Lowest native ISO
Lowest enhanced ISO
Manual focusing
AF touch
AF continuous
AF single
Tracking AF
AF selectice
Center weighted AF
Multi area AF
Live view AF
Face detection focusing
Contract detection focusing
Phase detection focusing
Total focus points
Cross type focus points
Lens mount type
Canon EF
Amount of lenses
Crop factor
Type of screen
Fixed Type
Screen sizing
3.2 inches
Resolution of screen
1,040 thousand dots
Selfie friendly
Touch friendly
Screen technology
Clear View II TFT LCD
Viewfinder Information
Viewfinder type
Optical (pentaprism)
Viewfinder coverage
Viewfinder magnification
DXO scores
DXO Overall rating
DXO Color Depth rating
DXO Dynamic range rating
DXO Low light rating
Min shutter speed
Max shutter speed
Continuous shutter rate
14.0 frames per second
Shutter priority
Aperture priority
Manually set exposure
Exposure compensation
Set WB
Image stabilization
Built-in flash
Flash distance
no built-in flash
Flash options
E-TTL II Auto Flash, Metered Manual
Hot shoe
WB bracketing
Max flash synchronize
Multisegment metering
Average metering
Spot metering
Partial metering
AF area metering
Center weighted metering
Video features
Supported video resolutions
1920 x 1080 (30, 25, 24 fps, 1280 x 720 (60, 50 fps), 640 x 480 (60, 50 fps)
Highest video resolution
Video data format
MPEG-4, H.264
Mic support
Headphone support
Environment sealing
Water proofing
Dust proofing
Shock proofing
Crush proofing
Freeze proofing
1340 grams (2.95 lbs)
158 x 164 x 83mm (6.2" x 6.5" x 3.3")
Battery life
1120 photographs
Form of battery
Battery Pack
Battery ID
Self timer
Yes (2 or 10 sec, remote)
Time lapse feature
Storage type
Compact Flash (Type I or II), UDMA compatible
Card slots
Pricing at release