Panasonic FX78

Panasonic Lumix DMC-FX78 front
  • 12MP - 1/2.3" Sensor
  • 3.5" Fixed Display
  • ISO 100 - 6400
  • Optical Image Stabilization
  • 1920 x 1080 video
  • 24-120mm (F2.5-5.9) lens
  • 142g - 100 x 55 x 21mm
  • Announced January 2011
  • Additionally referred to as Lumix DMC-FX77
  • Read full specs
  • Alternatives
  • Size Comparison
  • FAQ

Panasonic FX78 overview

Panasonic FX78 is Panasonic's Small Sensor Compact camera initially launched on January of 2011. It uses a 12 MegaPixel, CCD 1/2.3" sized sensor and has a maximum resolution of 4000 x 3000. The camera is also known as "Lumix DMC-FX77" in certain markets.

The FX78 is ranked #127 out of 261 in Small Sensor Compact cameras and all-around #1002 out of 1465 for cameras in our database. Remember to use our Advanced camera filter to get camera ratings based on your personalized requirements.

Photography Glossary

Here is a chart of different criteria used in the scoring system.

Panasonic FX78 family

The Panasonic FX78 comes with a history of related cameras. Listed below, you can take a look at all past and current models along with key specifications.

ModelVisualizeLensResolutionSensor SizeReleased
Panasonic-Lumix-DMC-FH10 front thumbnailPanasonic FH10
FX78 vs FH10
Panasonic-Lumix-DMC-F5 front thumbnailPanasonic F5
FX78 vs F5
Sora from OpenAI releases its first ever music video
Panasonic-Lumix-DMC-FH8 front thumbnailPanasonic FH8
FX78 vs FH8
Panasonic-Lumix-DMC-FH6 front thumbnailPanasonic FH6
FX78 vs FH6
Panasonic-Lumix-DMC-FH7 front thumbnailPanasonic FH7
FX78 vs FH7
Panasonic-Lumix-DMC-FX90 front thumbnailPanasonic FX90
FX78 vs FX90
Apple Innovates by Creating Next-Level Optical Stabilization for iPhone
Panasonic-Lumix-DMC-FX78 front thumbnailPanasonic FX7824-120mm
Panasonic-Lumix-DMC-FH2 front thumbnailPanasonic FH2
FX78 vs FH2
Panasonic-Lumix-DMC-FH25 front thumbnailPanasonic FH25
FX78 vs FH25
Panasonic-Lumix-DMC-FH5 front thumbnailPanasonic FH5
FX78 vs FH5
Panasonic-Lumix-DMC-FH27 front thumbnailPanasonic FH27
FX78 vs FH27
Snapchat Adds Watermarks to AI-Created Images
Panasonic-Lumix-DMC-FX700 front thumbnailPanasonic FX700
FX78 vs FX700
Panasonic-Lumix-DMC-FX75 front thumbnailPanasonic FX75
FX78 vs FX75
Panasonic-Lumix-DMC-FH1 front thumbnailPanasonic FH1
FX78 vs FH1
Panasonic-Lumix-DMC-FH22 front thumbnailPanasonic FH22
FX78 vs FH22
Panasonic-Lumix-DMC-FH3 front thumbnailPanasonic FH3
FX78 vs FH3
Panasonic-Lumix-DMC-FH20 front thumbnailPanasonic FH20
FX78 vs FH20
Panasonic-Lumix-DMC-FS25 front thumbnailPanasonic FS25
FX78 vs FS25
Panasonic-Lumix-DMC-FX580 front thumbnailPanasonic FX580
FX78 vs FX580
Meta to Introduce 'AI-Generated' Labels for Media starting next month
Panasonic-Lumix-DMC-FX48 front thumbnailPanasonic FX48
FX78 vs FX48
Panasonic-Lumix-DMC-FZ28 front thumbnailPanasonic FZ28
FX78 vs FZ28

Panasonic FX78 Pros and Cons

Below is a collection of upsides and downsides of the Panasonic FX78 based on criterias which are typically viewed as crucial in a camera.

built-in flash
built in lens has zoom (24-120mm 5.0 x zoom)
features tracking focus
great min ISO (100)
image stabilization (Optical)
includes HDMI out
relatively wide (24mm)
touchscreen functionality
very good size screen (3.5 inch)
video resolution high (1920 x 1080 pixels)
bad battery (200 shots)
doesn't posses selfie friendly display
lack of aperture priority mode
lack of headphone support
lack of manual focus
lack of microphone support
lack of Timelapse function
lacks phase detect autofocus
lacks RAW files
lens is fixed (fixed lens mount)
low maximum shutter speed (1/1,400s)
low resolution screen (230 k dots)
no external flash support
no manual control
no shutter priority
resolution not great (12MP)
screen does not articulate
slow at full zoom (f5.9)
slow max aperture (f2.5)
very slow continuous shooting (4.0 frames per second)
very small sensor (1/2.3")
Japan-exclusive Leica Leitz Phone 3 features big sensor and new modes

Panasonic FX78 Sensor info

The Panasonic FX78 is run by the Venus Engine FHD processor. The sensor specification in the Panasonic FX78 is 6.08mm x 4.56mm (1/2.3"). The 28 mm² sensor has the ability to resolve 4000 x 3000 pixels at aspect ratios of 1:1, 4:3, 3:2 and 16:9. The camera includes Image Stabilization (Optical). In body stabilization is more effective than digital stabilization as the latter may cause cropping.

Body cameras now worn by bakery staff to deter stealing

The CCD sensor boasts 12MP and supports a native ISO range of 100 - 6400. Sadly, RAW files are not saved so the user has less margin for error.

The graphic underneath displays the FX78's sensor dimensions when compared to other common sizes. The FX78 sensor comes with a crop factor of 5.9 and is highlighted in green.

Panasonic Lumix DMC-FX78 sensor size President Biden pushes bill mandating TikTok sale or ban

To get an idea of specific aspect ratios, you should refer to the visual below.

Camera sensor aspect ratios

Panasonic FX78 dimensions

Panasonic FX78 weighs around 0.31 lbs (142g or 5.01 oz) and features outer size of 100mm x 55mm x 21mm (3.9" x 2.2" x 0.8"). The weight of normal Small Sensor Compact camera is 174g so the Panasonic FX78 is lighter when compared with its competitors.

Photobucket discusses licensing 13 billion images with AI firms

Here is a picture of the Panasonic FX78 besides a soft drink to help you have a sense of its scale.

Panasonic Lumix DMC-FX78 dimensions scale

The top view underneath will provide the button layout on the FX78.

Panasonic Lumix DMC-FX78 topview buttons dials

Panasonic FX78 Lens info

The FX78 comes with a fixed lens providing a focal range of 24-120mm making it a 5.0 x zoom which may not be amazing however it would certainly be convenient in certain cases.

At the widest 24mm, the lens offers an aperture of f2.5 making it fairly slow and not great in low light conditions and you will struggle to capture good bokeh. You could also have to raise the ISO setting producing noisy pictures. At the tele end, 120mm comes with f5.9 which is quite slow and you will need to use slow shutter speeds.

Samsung Releases Faster Versions of EVO MicroSD Cards

Panasonic FX78 Connectivity

The FX78 has the following connectivity:

  • USB Yes
  • HDMI Yes

Cameras that incorporate NFC or Bluetooth compatibility can be used wirelessly through smartphones. You can easily send pictures and sometimes adjust settings without the hassle of connecting directly to the camera.

Many applications even give a Liveview and click the shutter in case you aren't near the camera. If the camera boasts a HDMI out, it can be connected to an external screen. Almost all cameras enable you to recharge the battery with the USB socket.

Body cameras now worn by bakery staff to deter stealing

Panasonic FX78 Video info

The maximum video resolution in the Panasonic FX78 is 1920 x 1080 and it can capture in MPEG-4 and AVCHD format. 1080p resolution will provide a decent balance for quality and file sizes but FULL HD is not going to give you much room to downsample. The camera doesn't feature a mic or headphone jack so you get no control over your audio. It is perhaps a better idea to look into an alternative model if you want decent audio in your video clips.

Photography Glossary

Panasonic FX78 Weather Sealing

There is no weather sealing on the Panasonic FX78 so you need to be cautious in wet or dusty situations.

Panasonic FX78 Display and Viewfinder

The Panasonic FX78 houses a 3.5" fixed display screen boasting a resolution of 230k dots.

Moreover the display screen is touch friendly so you will be able to adjust focus points and adjust settings with your fingers.

Panasonic Lumix DMC-FX78 screen and viewfinder Sora from OpenAI releases its first ever music video

The View Finder specifications regarding Panasonic FX78 are the following:

  • ViewFinder None

Viewfinders are really handy for sunny outdoor situations which might make the camera display washed out and very difficult to view.

Panasonic FX78 Shutter info

Panasonic FX78 continuous shooting rate is 4.0 frames per second. The highest shutter speed is 1/1400s.

Apple Innovates by Creating Next-Level Optical Stabilization for iPhone

Panasonic FX78 Flash and Hot shoe info

Panasonic FX78 includes only in-built flash without external flash ability.

Panasonic FX78 Autofocus info

Panasonic FX78 includes just Contrast Detect AF and does not have Phase Detect AF. Phase Detection focusing is a lot quicker and precise when compared with Contrast Detect focusing.

The Sensor boasts 11 focus points to choose from. It also boasts Tracking AF for moving objects. Panasonic FX78 has not got manual focus. Manual focus is useful for low light scenarios or you need more exact depth of field control.

Snapchat Adds Watermarks to AI-Created Images

Panasonic FX78 Battery life

The battery on the Panasonic FX78 is built to last for 200 shutters as per the CIPA measurements which is lower compared to its rivals. The general Small Sensor Compact camera battery life is 241. Fujifilm X30 comes with the highest possible (470) battery life for this category of cameras.

Listed below is a number of Small Sensor Compact cameras that have the strongest battery life:

Panasonic FX78 for different kinds of photography

The following diagram displays a analysis of the Panasonic FX78 for different kinds of photography. To check out more, check out the specific section underneath.

Portrait photography with Panasonic FX78

The Panasonic FX78 gets a score of 21 which is lousy, meaning that it is not suitable to use for portraits. Taking portrait photos leans heavily to sensor size, support for RAW photos & ability to work with off-camera flash.

Japan-exclusive Leica Leitz Phone 3 features big sensor and new modes
lack of manual focus
no manual mode
no external flash support
resolution not great (12MP)
sensor is very small (1/2.3")
no RAW files

Panasonic FX78 Street photography info

Getting a moderate points tally of 57, the Panasonic FX78 is reasonably adequate to use in street photography. A good street photography camera offers a good balance of picture quality plus portability.

President Biden pushes bill mandating TikTok sale or ban
built in image stabilization (Optical)
fixed screen
sensor is small (1/2.3")
lack of RAW support

Sports photography with Panasonic FX78

A lousy sports photography score of 28 means the Panasonic FX78 is not suitable for shooting sports. A camera needs to have good autofocus and fast shutter speeds for sports photography.

Photobucket discusses licensing 13 billion images with AI firms
has image stabilization (Optical)
has tracking autofocus
maximum shutter speed is a little low (1/1,400 seconds)
continuous shooting slow (4.0 frames/s)
no shutter priority mode
low megapixels (12 megapixels)
small sensor size (1/2.3")
terrible battery (200 shots)
has no phase detect AF

Panasonic FX78 Travel photography information

Size is very critical in getting a camera for travel. In general, the Panasonic FX78 gets a decent 56 for a travel camera which makes it relatively suitable to take with you on your holidays.

Samsung Releases Faster Versions of EVO MicroSD Cards
flash built-in
relatively wide (24mm)
does not have Time Lapse function
low battery life (200 shots)
MP count low (12MP)
display is not selfie friendly
somewhat slow maximum aperture (f2.5)

Panasonic FX78 Landscape photography features

For anybody looking to purchase a digital camera for landscape photographs, the most critical factor will no doubt be image quality. The Panasonic FX78 and it's lousy score of 36 as a landscape camera is not suitable within the current marketplace.

Body cameras now worn by bakery staff to deter stealing
rather wide (24mm)
lovely big screen (3.5")
image stabilization (Optical)
manual focus not available
cannot change lenses (fixed lens mount)
somewhat slow maximum aperture (f2.5)
no manual control
megapixel count low (12 megapixels)
tiny sensor (1/2.3")
no RAW files
bad battery life (200 CIPA)
does not have Time Lapse recording

Panasonic FX78 Vlogging information

A vlogging camera preferably should come with a moving screen, microphone port and ideally image stabilization. Taking everything into account, the Panasonic FX78 is not suitable as a vlog camera as it comes to a lousy rating of 33.

Photography Glossary
really wide (24mm)
built in image stabilization (Optical)
high res video (1920 x 1080 pixels)
somewhat slow maximum aperture (f2.5)
screen isn't selfie friendly
does not have mic jack

Panasonic FX78 Alternatives

If you are in the market for replacements to the FX78, here is a collection of the highest scored cameras which fall under the category of Small Sensor Compact.

The diagram below offers you an overview of the FX78 vs it's top ranked rivals mentioned previously.

Here are a few more cameras you might look into as alternative options. To see a extensive comparison, go to the "compare" link.

Sora from OpenAI releases its first ever music video


General Information
Panasonic Lumix DMC-FX78
Also called as
Lumix DMC-FX77
Small Sensor Compact
Physical type
Sensor Information
Sensor type
Venus Engine FHD
Sensor size
Sensor measurements
6.08 x 4.56mm
Sensor area
Sensor resolution
12 megapixels
Anti aliasing filter
Aspect ratio
1:1, 4:3, 3:2 and 16:9
Maximum resolution
4000 x 3000
RAW format
Maximum native ISO
Minimum native ISO
Manual focus
Autofocus touch
Autofocus continuous
Single autofocus
Autofocus tracking
Autofocus selectice
Center weighted autofocus
Multi area autofocus
Live view autofocus
Face detect autofocus
Contract detect autofocus
Phase detect autofocus
Number of focus points
Lens mount
fixed lens
Lens focal range
24-120mm (5.0x)
Largest aperture
Macro focus distance
Focal length multiplier
Display type
Fixed Type
Display diagonal
3.5 inch
Resolution of display
230k dots
Selfie friendly
Touch capability
Display tech
Viewfinder Information
DXO scores
DXO All around score
not tested
DXO Color Depth score
not tested
DXO Dynamic range score
not tested
DXO Low light score
not tested
Slowest shutter speed
60 seconds
Maximum shutter speed
1/1400 seconds
Continuous shooting rate
4.0 frames per sec
Shutter priority
Aperture priority
Expose Manually
Custom white balance
Image stabilization
Inbuilt flash
Flash range
5.60 m
Flash modes
Auto, On, Off, Red-eye, Slow Syncro
External flash
Auto exposure bracketing
WB bracketing
Multisegment exposure
Average exposure
Spot exposure
Partial exposure
AF area exposure
Center weighted exposure
Video features
Video resolutions
1920 x 1080 (60 fps), 1280 x 720 (60, 30 fps), 640 x 480 (30 fps), 320 x 240 (30 fps)
Maximum video resolution
Video format
Microphone support
Headphone support
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
Environmental sealing
Water proof
Dust proof
Shock proof
Crush proof
Freeze proof
142g (0.31 lb)
Physical dimensions
100 x 55 x 21mm (3.9" x 2.2" x 0.8")
Battery life
200 photos
Type of battery
Battery Pack
Self timer
Yes (2 or 10 sec)
Time lapse shooting
Type of storage
SD/SDHC/SDXC, Internal
Card slots
Retail price